Family Law

Family Law

Guiding You Through Family Law Matters

Divorce and legal separation

Divorce and legal separation can affect a lot of aspects of your life, such as parental access, properties, and child custody. There are many things to consider if you are at the stage of no turning back. It is of course in your best interest to seek out a lawyer whom, you can rest assured, will handle your case professionally. You want your family lawyer to be highly skilled in all areas regarding your divorce matters.

Our representation is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Each family case depends on the complexity of the situation. This is why we highly value client collaboration, in order to hear you, and all the in-depth issues about your case.

Child Custody

When it comes to matters that involve your children or child custody, our goal is to help you rest assured that the decisions involving your case will prioritize the well being of your children. As parental guardians, it is within both of your legal rights and responsibilities to ensure that your children are well protected financially, physically, emotionally and spiritually in accordance with the child custody laws in Canada.

It is often desired and expected that both parents are taken into account in equal decision making regarding child custody. However, it is important to keep in mind that as firm in obedience to the law, we will always strive to act not only in the best interests of our clients and your families but in accordance to the laws and charters of rights and freedoms to ensure the protection of our clients as well as your children.

JCA Law Office
Guiding You
Through Family Law Matters.

JCA will look over your situation

Family Law

Some might argue that because of the closeness forged into families, the matters concerning its members can become explosive and more difficult to manage. When family law or legal issues are thrown into the mix, family matters may become the cause of even more headaches.

During such tumultuous times in the family, JCA Law offers to be the objective eye that will look over your situation and give you sound, professional advice so that you can arrive at a reasonable conclusion. JCA Law strives to help you disentangle the convoluted webs of family law, including:

Spousal support
Child support and child custody
Parenting time
Property division


What is Custody?

We have four (4) different types of custody which include:

  • Sole Custody
  • Joint Custody
  • Shared Custody
  • Split Custody


If you have the sole custody, it means you have the full responsibilities and legal rights to make major decisions about your child or children. You have the sole custody and the other parent may or may not has the access or visitation rights.


In joint custody situations, you both have input into major decisions affecting your kids, including health, education, and religion. The residence and visitation arrangements for your children are agreed by both of you.
This type of custody works best where there are little or not a serious conflict between both parents. Under the child support guidelines


The Joint Custody is a shared-responsibilities affecting your children while the Shared Custody is not relevant when it comes to decision-making, but significantly to determine child support. How much time does your child spend between the two of you?

In Canada, we consider shared physical custody if the physical care of a child is “not less than 40% of the time”. Family law lawyers sometimes refer to this as the “40% threshold”. It is only after a parent has crossed the 40% threshold that he or she can invoke section 9 of the Child Support Guidelines. This is not calculated monthly but on a yearly basis.

The court has the discretion or decision to count time-based on family’s situation or case.


Split Custody is another type of custody arrangement. It is applicable when you have more than one child together.


What is Access?

When the court awarded to sole custody to you, your ex-partner is granted the access right. This is commonly known as visitation. If both parents have joint custody, and your child is living with you, the other party is also granted the right to access.

Access visits could be unsupervised or supervised, there is no need for both of you to be present during the visitations.

Access schedule usually spending time with kids every weekend, holidays, long weekends, school breaks and summer holidays.

Custody VS Access

Once you and your former partner have decided to file a divorce, there are a number of things you need to consider. You need to make a decision about your children custody and care. These decisions need to be resolved together based on the welfare of your children. Either you will be the sole custodian or not. If the court will grant you the sole custody, then you make all the decisions about education, religion, and other matters.

If you both decided to get divorced and want to separate, you need a skilled lawyer to make sure the child custody rights are being protected. If you want to learn more about these matters, please call us at 1 (855) 522-5290 and let us talk about how JCA Law Office Professional Corporation can help you. You may visit also our office at 168B Eglinton Ave East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.