Effective Legal Support for Canadian Citizenship and Immigration Matters
Our immigration lawyers and licensed consultants at JCA Law offer a wide range of dedicated Canadian immigration law services including:
Need help getting a work permit or bridging open work permit?
If you are not a citizen or permanent resident, you likely need a work permit to work legally in Canada. Some exceptions apply such as those in Canada with a student visa or those working under specified conditions.
Did you know that close to 500,000 work permits became effective in Canada in 2019 and about 3% of the total Canadian workforce are temporary foreign workers? Canada recognizes the vital role of foreign workers in supporting industries critical to the Canadian economy. While the labour market was severely impacted by the recent COVID-19 pandemic, the Government of Canada has taken measures to support employers seeking to bring workers through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.
Learn more about jobs that do not require a work permit in Canada.
Need help getting a visitor visa?
Foreign nationals who wish to travel to Canada may be required to secure a visitor visa. Depending on your citizenship, you may be required to apply for a temporary resident visa. This decision will be made by immigration officers upon your arrival to Canada either at the airport or at the border.
To those who are required to get a visitor visa to travel to Canada, you must proceed and make applications to the nearest Canadian Visa Office in your country before you can travel to Canada.
Here are some requirements for visitor visa applications:
- valid travel documents such as a passport
- physically fit; a medical examination may be required
- a letter of invitation from someone living in Canada
- ties to your country of origin such as a job, home, and family, to satisfy the immigration officer that you intend to go back home
What is Permanent Residence status?
A Permanent Resident (PR) status is conferred upon a foreign national who has met the criteria set by law. Permanent Residents in Canada enjoy most of the social benefits available to citizens and can live, work or study anywhere in Canada. They can later apply for Canadian citizenship once they have met the residency obligation and other requirements.
Is it possible to study, work and live in Canada?
Canada is a country built by immigrants, and its socioeconomic spheres rely heavily on immigration. If you wish to study, work, and live in Canada, then Canada wants you!
But to achieve the Canadian dream requires careful planning, adequate funds, untiring perseverance, and full family support. JCA Law is committed to helping you make the process simpler and lessen the burden you carry. We will assess your unique situation and come up with the proper solution to help your move be easier and more manageable.
PR Card Renewal
How to maintain your status as a Permanent Resident?
To keep your permanent resident status, you should be in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. A permanent resident may then apply for citizenship if present in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the last five years prior to submission of application.
As a permanent resident, you and your dependents can enjoy the same benefits of a Canadian Citizen, except for the right to vote, run for political office or hold jobs that need a high-level security clearance.
Thinking of how to get started?
Tell us about your legal matter and we’ll tell you how we can help.
Here are some benefits of being a Canadian permanent resident:
- social benefits, including health coverage and social assistance
- live, work, and study anywhere in Canada (except Quebec) and may avail of the Ontario Student Assistance
Program (OSAP), a financial aid program that can help you pay for college or university
- may later apply for Canadian citizenship
- protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom
Do you want to work and live in Canada as a permanent resident?
Make an express entry assessment online to see whether you may be eligible or not.
Here are some ways to apply for permanent residency:
- Family Class Sponsorship
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
- Start-up Visa Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Humanitarian & Compassionate Cases
- Business Class
Do you want to apply as a skilled worker in Canada?
Answer a few questions in the link below or visit Canada.ca to find out more about your eligibility under the Express Entry program.
There are three (3) immigration programs under Express Entry and each program has different requirements. These are the Canadian Experience Class Program, Federal Skilled Workers, Federal Skilled Trades.
Before doing the assessment, you need to know these two terms:
Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB). This is the Canadian standard used to measure and recognize English proficiency of adult immigrants who want to apply for citizenship or work in Canada.
There are 4 language ability tests:
National Occupation Classification (NOC) Code. Canadian labor Market list of all the occupations that describes each job in accordance with skill level and type. These job groups are:
SKILL Type 0 (zero): Management jobs
SKILL Type A: With University Degree to qualify for Professional jobs
SKILL Type B: A college diploma or an apprenticed training for Technical jobs and skilled trades
SKILL Type C: Job-specific training for Intermediate jobs and/or secondary school
SKILL Type D: on-the-job training for the Labour jobs
|Eligibility Criteria||Canadian Experience Class||Federal Skilled Worker||Federal Skilled Trade|
|Language Skills||English or French proficiency|
NOC 0 or A – CLB 7
NOC B – CLB 5
|English or French proficiency|
English or French proficiency|
CLB 5: speaking and listening
CLB 4: writing and reading
|Type/Level of work experience||NOC 0, A, B : 1 year Canadian experience||NOC 0, A, B : 1 year Canadian or foreign experience||NOC 5: Canadian or overseas experience in a skilled trade|
|Amount of work experience||Full-time or part-time work. One year residency in Canada in the period of the last 3 years||Full-time or part-time work. One year residency in the last 10 years||Full-time or part-time: Two years within last 5 years|
|Job offer||Not required||Not required.|
FSW points selection based on valid job offer
Full-time employment valid job offer: At least 1 year experience or with
skilled trade certificate issued by a Canadian provincial, federal or territorial authority
|Education||Not required||High school education required.|
FSW points selection for your post-secondary education.
|Federal skilled trade not required.|
You have 15 minutes to answer the form. And you will be asked about the following:
- Language Ability
- Family Members
- Job Offer
- Work Experience
Based on your answers, the Canada.ca website form will tell you what are those immigration programs that you are qualified. Answer the questions as accurately.
Click the link below if you are qualified or not in the assessment. Please note that this assessment is not the final approval nor if you passed the immigration express entry. This will only guide you what do expect in the application:
It will give you a detailed instruction on the immigration process, and what to do next if you pass the assessment for Express Entry program.
If you meet the requirements prior to this profile, you will be selected and put on the list of candidates for immigration Canada program, and possibly invited to immigrate in Canada.
To learn more about Canadian Immigration Requirements and Immigration process, Call +1 (855) 522-5290
What is a Labour Market Impact Assessment or LMIA?
A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document needed to support a foreign national’s application to work in Canada. In most cases, a positive LMIA is required before a foreigner can be issued a work permit.
If you intend to work in Canada, your prospective employer will need to satisfy immigration authorities that there are no available workers in Canada and thus a foreign worker is required to fill the job.
The employer should provide the following:
- efforts made to recruit citizens and permanent residents within Canada
- rate offered is consistent with the prevailing wages for such position in the respective region
- for the high-wage positions, employers must prove increased efforts to hire Canadians
LMIA is administered by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and requires an application fee of $1,000 for each temporary foreign worker position applied for.
The normal processing times (pre-COVID) is 10 days for the highest-demand, highest-paid and shortest duration occupations, i.e. skilled trades, and for caregivers it is from 60 to 90 days.
Are you thinking of hiring a foreign worker?
If you are a Canadian employer thinking of hiring a foreign worker, know that you probably need to obtain a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). It is a major step in the process when Canadian employers plan to hire temporary foreign workers (TFW). The chance of approval will depend on the demand for a particular job or position open to the foreign worker and the availability of Canadian citizens or permanent residents to fill that demand. Jobs or occupations are classified under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) for Canadian immigration purposes. Canadian employers or their representatives must research the job outlook for the relevant NOC code. Sectors with labour shortages (good outlook) such as healthcare workers (caregivers) have a higher probability of approval compared to sectors with no labour shortages (fair or limited outlook). A positive LMIA is generally required before a foreign worker can apply for a temporary work permit.
Family Reunification or Sponsorship
What is a Super Visa?
A Super Visa is designed for parents and grandparents who wish to visit their family in Canada and stay for up to two years (6 months for a regular visit visa) without the need to renew the status. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) may issue a multiple visa valid up to 10 years to eligible applicants.
Book an appointment and let us know your legal status.
Here are some requirements for a Super Visa application:
- the applicant must be a parent or grandparent of a citizen or permanent resident of Canada who wishes to sponsor
- written commitment of financial support from their child or grandchild who meets the financial capability status that they can support their parents or grandparents during the period of visit
- must have Canadian Medical Insurance for a period of one year
- complete Medical Examination
There are several factors to consider before the visa officer can grant a super visa to the parents or grandparents. JCA Law is a phone call or email away to guide you in the process.
Sponsoring Family & Other Relatives To CANADA:
Which family members can you sponsor?
It used to be just a dream but, here you are. You made it! After years of planning and a difficult transition, you were able to successfully migrate to Canada and finally got your Canadian permanent resident or citizen status. Now you are thinking about how perfect life will be if you are with your family and relatives. Do you wish they can join you in this progressive and beautiful maple leaf country? Despair not, in this article, we will provide you the information and everything you need to know with regards to your eligibility for sponsorship and who are the family or relatives you may sponsor to immigrate to Canada.
Am I allowed to sponsor since I am 18 years old?
In sponsorship, a sponsor is a petitioner of an immigrant petition for a family member, be it a child, a spouse, or other relatives. A Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada who is at least at the age of majority (18 years old) is allowed to sponsor relatives to Canada.
The relatives will be allowed to live, study, and work in Canada if they become permanent residents.
Family Sponsorship Basic Requirements:
- A Permanent Resident or Canadian Citizen
- 18 years of age and above
- You have not applied nor a recipient of social assistance for a reason other than disability
- 2X2 picture
- Undischarged bankrupt under the bankruptcy & Insolvency Act.
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